It made people aware that the little pretty Princesse was more than they thought she was. Saint-Simon relates the following exchange as Louis and Madame de Maintenon talked about Queen Anne: “‘ Ma tante,’ one must admit that in England the queens govern better than the kings: and do you know why, ma tante? 2 Cf. (The marriage was not consummated until two years later.) Love and Louis XIV; The Women in the Life of the Sun King. Dauphin de France (1711-1712). Then she made me sit down, having noticed at once that I cannot stand, and, almost seating herself on my lap, she said in a coaxing voice, “Mamma told me to give you a thousand messages from her, and to ask for your friendship for myself. Madame de Maintenon was constantly afraid that, due to the youthful spirit of the Duchesse, she might say or do something to compromise her husband. The little girl was baptised Marie-Adélaïde, with her grandmother Marie-Jeanne-Baptiste de Savoie and Emmanuel-Philibert de Savoie-Carignan acting as godparents. Upon her arrival in France, Louis XIV, who had come to greet her, met her in Montargis on 4 November 1696, and was quite pleased with "the Princess". The only child to survive the epidemic was the future Louis XV who was locked inside his apartments with his governess Madame de Ventadour to avoid being bled to death by doctors like his elder brother had been. She ran to him to embrace him and kiss his cheeks, jumped on his lap, rummaged in his important papers and yawned when he was too busy to pay her the attention she desired. There, the Duc de Bourgogne informed his grandfather the situation was a bit more … He had mental health issues and bordered on insanity. She had been its life, she filled it, possessed it, penetrated its inmost being; and, if it survived her, it was only to drag on a languishing existence.”, Your email address will not be published. Erfahrungsberichte zu Duc de bourgogne louis xiv analysiert. The Duchesse was also extremely fond of card games, especially of lansquenet. The Duchess of Bourbon wanted her daughter Mademoiselle de Bourbon to wed Charles, Duke of Berry, youngest son of the Grand Dauphin. While in the room below her, her husband was suffering of a fever which would reunite them again a couple of days later. Duc de Bourgogne, il est en seconde position sur la liste des héritiers présomptifs de la couronne, d’où la nécessité de l’unir à une prétendante qui satisfait aux intérêts de la France. As the Dauphin died suddenly in 1711, the Duc de Bourgogne became the new Dauphin. Duc de Bourgogne (Versailles, 1682-1712.) One little anecdote created quite a sensation but is a perfect example of how common a phenomenon this was. LOUIS DE FRANCE. ISBN 0-7538-2293-8.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link) He knew what was going on and fearing for his very future at court, decided to avoid Maulevrier as best as he could. Sweet natured and lively, always smiling and embracing. Her grandmother Marie Jeanne of Savoy and the Prince of Carignan acted as godparents. Marie-Adélaïde said the pain was worse than what she suffered during childbirth. She spent most of the following day in bed, but rose at 9 o’clock in the evening to visit the King and play cards in the salon. Nangis however was smart enough to not let himself be provoked. On 6 December 1697, on her twelfth birthday, Marie Adelaïde was formally married to the Duke of Burgundy in the Palace of Versailles. Monsieur Philippe I, Duke of Orléans (21 September 1640 – 9 June 1701) was the younger son of Louis XIII of France and his wife, Anne of Austria.His older brother was the "Sun King", Louis XIV.Styled Duke of Anjou from birth, Philippe became Duke of Orléans upon the death of his uncle Gaston in 1660. Marie-Adélaïde was beautiful and had a fair share of ardent admirers… much to the displeasure of Madame de Maintenon, who always kept an eye on her…. A other time, while visiting Marly in winter, the Duchesse de Bourgogne and her companions broke into the bedroom of the Princesse d’Harcourt and snowballed her in her bed. Elle est le dernier enfant de Charles Ier d’Angleterre et d’Henriette-Marie de Bourbon. Victor Amadeus had first proposed Marie Adélaïde as a candidate for marriage with the Archduke Joseph, but Emperor Leopold I had declined because of their young age. Marie Adélaïde of Savoy (6 December 1685 – 12 February 1712) was the wife of Louis, Dauphin of France, Duke of Burgundy.  The influential Marie Adélaïde also brought about the disgrace of Louis Joseph, Duke of Vendôme, the great military man of the era.. A rose of Savoy; Marie Adélaïde of Savoy, duchesse de Bourgogne, mother of Louis XV by Williams, H. Noel (Hugh Noel), 1870-1925. Allrights reserved. Dauphin de France (1711-1712). Louise-Françoise de Bourbon, Duchesse de Bourbon et Princesse de Condé, Marie-Madeleine Pioche de La Vergne, Comtesse de La Fayette. Louis XIV, lodging in rooms above those of his soon, carried on to do business as usual. Among her admirers were a Monsieur Nangis, very handsome, not too smart, but a great ladies’ man, and Monsieur Maulevrier, a nephew of Colbert, very ugly, but very skilled and ambitious.  As children, she and her sister Maria Luisa frequented the Vigno di Madama outside Turin, and paid weekly visits to their grandmother at the Palazzo Madama in Turin. And with Marie-Adélaïde’s death, the golden days of Versailles were finally over. The legitimate grandchildren of Louis XIV (in upper medallion) and children of Louis, le Grand Dauphin (in lower medallion): Philippe duc d'Anjou, Charles duc de Berry, and Louis duc de Bourgogne (Petit Dauphin) with his wife Marie-Adelaide de Savoie, duchesse de Bourgogne, 1697 engraving, French school. Le mariage du « Petit Dauphin » Né à Versailles le 6 août 1682, quelques semaines seulement après l’installation de la Cour, Louis de France est le petit-fils de Louis XIV. Score: 94 with 4,562 ratings and reviews. He got into a heated argument with the Dauphin about it. The Duchess of Burgundy gave birth to her first child in 1704. In 1661, Philippe also received the dukedoms of Valois and Chartres. The child, a short-lived boy, was given the title Duke of Brittany before his death in 1705. Madame de Ventadour was renowned for having saved the infant Louis XV's life. Marie-Adélaïde could be quite indiscreet… she jested in public about how pious her husband was… but she probably thought not much of it and meant no harm, after all she was of the generation that made fun of everything, as she said herself. Marie-Adélaïde was already Louis’ favourite as it was finally time for the wedding to go ahead. On 18 January, a Monday, Louis XIV went to Marly and as always, insisted Marie-Adélaïde should go with him. Madame later said that Marie Adélaïde was one of the only two persons Louis XIV had ever truly loved in his life, the other being Anne of Austria, the king's mother. LOUIS DE FRANCE. Fêtes and comedies returned as did afternoon amusements. The reason is that, where there are kings, women govern; and where there are queens, men.” Both, the King and his secret wife, laughed heartily and agreed that she was in the right. The new Duchess of Burgundy had a close relationship with the king and with Madame de Maintenon. She clearly had the King’s ear and the King cared for more than just her amusement… but being the King’s favourite companion was not as fun as it might sound. LA MORT DE LA DUCHESSE ADELAIDE DE BOURGOGNE. On April 13, he drove to Marly in the afternoon for some fresh air and a chat with the Duchesse de Bourgogne. It was gone by the morning and Marie-Adélaïde went about her daily duties. He wrote the following about this meeting to Madame de Maintenon: “She has the most graceful and perfect figure that I have ever seen; her dress and hair are like a picture; her eyes bright and very handsome, with admirable dark eyelashes; her complexion smooth, and as pink and white as heart could wish; and she has the most beautiful brown hair that you can imagine, and in great quantity; her mouth is red, her lips large, her teeth white, long, and very irregular; her hands are well shaped, but of the colour of her age. Son enfance n’est pas des plus heureuses : elle voit le jour en pleine guerre civile. Marie Adélaïde bore two more children in 1707 and 1710. London: Anchor Books. Petit-fils de Louis XIV et père de Louis XV.. She used her influence over the aging king to prevent her political enemies from furthering their causes. This print is a wonderful illustration of late Louis XIV style. The Duc de Bourgogne was not greeted warmly as he returned to Versailles and it took quite a while until the truth became known. He too was as if awoken from a long slumber. Born at the Royal Palace of Turin in December 1685, Marie Adélaïde was the eldest daughter of Victor Amadeus II, Duke of Savoy since 1675, and his French wife Anne Marie d'Orléans, a niece of Louis XIV, and the daughter of Philippe of France, Duke of Orléans and of Henrietta of England. Last update: 12-18-2020. The disasters of the war were so great that, in 1709, France came close to losing all the advantages gained over the preceding century. Il veut renouer avec les beaux jours de la Cour.  Their son, the Duke of Brittany succeeded as Dauphin, but he died the following March from the measles. *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. More dangerous than gambling, playing tricks and teasing people, is probably flirting. Louis XIV and his descendants: la duchesse de Ventadour (royal governess), the duc de Bretagne, the Grand Dauphin, Louis XIV and the duc de Bourgogne, 1710 attributed to Nicolas de Largillière (1656-1746) Louis, duc de Bourgogne, puis dauphin de France, adolescent, d'après De Troy Rois et Reines d'Europe Welche Punkte es vorm Kauf Ihres Duc de bourgogne louis xiv zu beachten gibt! Marie-Adélaïde de Savoie, duchesse de Bourgogne puis dauphine de France : une princesse musicienne et mécène à la cour de Louis XIV (Jean-Philippe Goujon) « Que Mme la duchesse de Bourgogne fasse sa volonté depuis le matin jusqu’au soir ». Required fields are marked *. The event took place after the signing of the Treaty of Ryswick which ended the Nine Years' War. Louis XIV disagreed strongly with the idea, for it would mean his favourite would dance with all sorts of men. Her eyes were large and black, surrounded by long eyelashes.. In contrary to his own children and grandchildren, who had been brought up to feel more awe than affection for him, Marie-Adélaïde was a fresh breeze for Louis. The court watched all amused how much she cared for the health of the gentleman. She met Louis XIV there for the first time on 4 November and the great Sun King was at once utterly taken with her. The fever returned over night and this time stronger. Louis de France (1682 1712), duc de Bourgogne, était le fils de Louis de France (dit le Grand Dauphin) et de Marie-Anne de Bavière. As the Princesse was half way up the allee in her sedan chair, the bombs began to explode. Il était l'héritier en seconde ligne de son grand-père paternel Louis XIV m… Portraits de Louis, duc de Bourgogne et de M. A. de Savoie, Duchesse de Bourgogne dans deux bordures ovales posées sur une console : [estampe] -- -- images Prince Louis de France, Duc de Bourgogne (1682 - 1712), Dauphin de France et Prince de Viane en 1711, à la mort de son père le Grand Dauphin. , The couple was buried together at the Basilica of Saint Denis on 23 February 1712. Shortly after, the Duc de Bourgogne placed petards under the chair of the Princesse d’Harcourt on which she used to sit at the cart-table. de Ludes dress is gathered into a bustle and she wears a Fontanges headdress. But everyone had to appear in new court robes. The Duc de Bourgogne, assured it was nothing serious as well, nevertheless travelled to Meudon, with his wife, to spent the day at the bedside of his father. Ashe Theme by Royal-Flush - 2020 ©. She was the eldest daughter of Victor Amadeus II, Duke of Savoy, and of Anne Marie d'Orléans. The people around the Duc de Vendôme spread all sorts of things about her husband and the King believed them. He loved it. Shortly later, Maulevrier tried to pick a quarrel with Nangis to provoke him to make a scene in public, which would have caused great ado once the reason for it emerged. The marriage of Marie Adélaïde came as a result of the Treaty of Turin signed on 29 August 1696. Liselotte could not at all understand why everyone loved Marie-Adélaïde so much. His heir, the last son of the duke de Bourgogne, was a five-year-old child who was not expected to live. If wedded to the right person, they can secure peace for their native land. She was just returning from mass and he offered to escort her back to her rooms, something Monsieur Dangeau usually did, but he was not present that day. A fine scolding followed the next day and Louis was reminded, that he may kiss his wife, now and then, when the situation was fitting, but that was all. Dans un pays protestant, la reine, qui est catholique et de qui le roi accepte tout, déchaîne des révoltes. It was at Marly that the Dauphin himself died six days later, having caught the measles from his wife. Louis XIV and Madame de Maintenon were plunged into sadness. Fils aîné du Grand Dauphin et de Marie-Anne de Bavière. Her mother, who was in constant contact with her native France, prepared the little girl very well for what she had to expect at the Sun King’s court. Madame de Maintenon wrote to Madame des Ursins the very day: “The Dauphine has a fixed pain between the ear and the top of the jaw, just below the temple: the affected part is so small that you could cover it with a finger-nail; she has convulsions and cries like a woman in travail, and at about the same intervals. - Lieutenant Colonel Henri Carré / Livres anciens (Autre) 55,50 € Bon état Henriette-Anne d’Angleterre, appelée couramment Henriette, naît le 16 juin 1644. Yesterday I tried to resist her caresses, saying that I was too old, to which she replied, “Ah, point si vieille!” She came up to me, when the king had left the room, and kissed me. Content may not be reproduced or distributed without permission of the author(s). The Dauphine was the subject of a statue held at the Louvre in which she posed as the Roman goddess Diana which was crafted by Antoine Coysevox in 1710. And as the years passed, the little girl became more and more beautiful. la duchesse de Bourgogne ; l'ère de Louis XV Henriette-Anne d’Angleterre, appelée couramment Henriette, naît le 16 juin 1644. Maulevrier, not wanting to leave court to participate in a campaign, feigned and illness and pretended to have lost his voice. Marie-Adélaïde simply said she did not care if the man she dances with, is a King, a prince of the blood, a nobleman, a soldier or a nobody. Madame de Maintenon was not at all fond of gambling and Louis XIV was not too fond of it anymore either. Thus he was not impressed as he learned of the Duchesse playing Lansquenet with some random gentlemen after a picnic.  The Treaty of Turin was negotiated under the influence of the Maréchal de Tessé, who suggested that Marie Adelaïde be sent to France to perfect her education before marrying the French prince.. En 1697, elle épouse Louis de France (1682 † 1712), duc de Bourgogne, puis dauphin de France. Elle fit la conquête du vieux roi Louis XIV, grand-père de son époux ainsi que de l'épouse secrète de celui-ci, Madame de Maintenon (qu'elle appelait familièrement "ma tante"). Enter your email address to receive notifications of new posts by email. Marie-Adélaïde de Savoie, Duchesse de Bourgogne et Dauphine de France. About the Publisher Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Louis XIV died in 1715, four days shy of his 77th birthday. Louis XIV could be quite uncaring. La Duchesse De Bourgogne Et L'Alliance Savoyarde Sous Louis XIV / Par Le Comte D'Haussonville. This went on for a long six weeks during which Marie-Adélaïde constantly feared impending doom. She was born in Turin on 6 December in 1685 to Victor-Amédée II, Duc de Savoie, and Anne-Marie d’Orléans. The death of Philippe de France, Duc d’Orléans. She remained in bed on 7 February and by 6 o’clock in the evening, she was in so much pain that she had to ask the King to postpone his planned visit. She was not afraid of him, not in the least, and thus there was no restrain on her side. but she died only a couple of months after her father-in-law. En 1697, elle épouse Louis de France (1682 † 1712), duc de Bourgogne, puis dauphin de France.  As a female, she was not eligible to inherit the duchy of Savoy due to salic law. Although he was not the ultimate favourite general anymore, he still belong to the lucky few to have access to Marly. Elle est le dernier enfant de Charles Ier d’Angleterre et d’Henriette-Marie de Bourbon. The Duchesse recovered, slowly but surely, and contrary to what was considered proper for noble women, she actually raised the child herself. Media related to Marie Adélaïde of Savoy at Wikimedia Commons, Marie Adélaïde of Savoy as depicted circa 1697 by a member of the, Louis, Dauphin of France, Duke of Burgundy, Louis of France, Duke of Anjou then Dauphin of France, future King Louis XV, Charles Amadeus of Savoy, Duke of Nemours, Luisa Cristina, Princess Maurice of Savoy, Louise, Hereditary Princess of Baden-Baden, Maria Carolina, Electoral Princess of Saxony, Maria Cristina, Queen of the Two Sicilies, Bona Margherita, Princess Konrad of Bavaria, Maria Gabriella, Mrs Zellinger de Balkany, Maria Beatrice, Mrs Reyna-Corvalán y Dillon, Princess Elizabeth Charlotte of the Palatinate, Archduchess Maria Theresa of Austria-Este, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Marie_Adélaïde_of_Savoy&oldid=982188552, Articles containing Italian-language text, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Son enfance n’est pas des plus heureuses : elle voit le jour en pleine guerre civile. Le marié a quinze ans et la duchesse douze. She had to go wherever he went, even when she was not feeling well or pregnant. Her porters were in the know, dropped the chair and fled at once, while the Princess was left struggling and shrieking inside. La Duchesse De Bourgogne - Une Princesse De Savoie À La Cour De Louis Xiv 1685-1712. The usual. As they arrived, her face was swollen and she retired to bed at once. He went to Montargis along with the King and the Dauphin, and was so full of joy upon seeing his sweet grandchild for the first time, that he forgot all protocol and went to greet, kiss and embrace her, before it was his turn. Louis XIV - Louis XIV - Final years: In the War of the Spanish Succession the anti-French alliance was reactivated by William of Orange before his death. As for my aunt (Madame de Maintenon), it is impossible for me to speak of her, except to obey her instructions. On December 7, 1697, one day after turning 12, she was married to the king’s eldest grandson, Louis, duke of Burgundy. Louis directed his anger at Vendôme now and Marie-Adélaïde finished him skilfully. Fils aîné du Grand Dauphin et de Marie-Anne de Bavière. 2 Cf. Marie-Adélaïde de Savoie was certainly on of the most sparkling gems of Louis XIV’s Versailles and the mother of Louis XV. supra Andrea Merlotti, « la courte enfance de la duchesse de Bourgogne (1685-1696) ». Louis of France, Duke of Brittany (25 June 1704 – 13 April 1705) died of convulsions; This page was last edited on 6 October 2020, at 17:30. In early April 1711, her father-in-law Le Grand Dauphin caught smallpox and died on 14 April at the Château de Meudon. but girls just wanna have fun. She did that, her face being wrapped up, and played cards, before retiring again to have supper in bed. Monsieur was just as taken with his granddaughter. Her arrival in Versailles was described "like a breath of fresh air," reviving the dull court. The Comte de Brionne, the oldest son of Louis de Lorraine and therefore a nephew of the Chevalier de Lorraine, picked her up at the border and escorted her to Montargis, around 110 kilometres south of Paris. She was only sixteen and the birth so difficult, that she received the Last Rites because it was feared she could die any moment. Le roi a souhaité que les fêtes soient superbes. Marie-Adélaïde de Savoie, duchesse de Bourgogne puis dauphine de France : une princesse musicienne et mécène à la cour de Louis XIV (Jean-Philippe Goujon) « Que Mme la duchesse de Bourgogne fasse sa volonté depuis le matin jusqu’au soir ». They are as much a political asset as they are beloved daughters. Madame de Caylus wrote to Madame des Ursins two days later: “The princess gave life to everything and charmed us all. The Treaty was meant to smooth the relationship of both countries and the marriage was supposed to seal the deal. la duchesse de Bourgogne ; l'ère de Louis XV on Amazon.com. She was bled twice yesterday, and has had three doses of opium; a moment ago she seemed more easy. She tried what she could to make the situation better, but had not too much success. Ils eurent trois enfants. One was tempted to think her wholly devoted to the people with whom she happened to be for the moment.”. On 6 December in 1697, her twelfth birthday, the marriage contract was signed and Marie-Adélaïde was wed to Louis de France, Duc de Bourgogne, the following day.