Several countries also have diplomatic missions to NATO through embassies in Belgium. Due to the post-war international presence in the city, there are also a number of international schools, including the International School of Brussels, with 1,450 pupils, between the ages of 2​1⁄2 and 18,[192] the British School of Brussels, and the four European Schools, which provide free education for the children of those working in the EU institutions. The migrant communities, as well as rapidly growing communities of EU-nationals from other member states, speak many languages like French, Turkish, Arabic, Berber, Spanish, Italian, Portuguese, Polish, German, Greek, Romanian, Bulgarian, and (increasingly) English. Pour un traitement plus rapide de vos demandes concernant le précompte immobilier , rendez-vous sur , la nouvelle plateforme de Bruxelles Fiscalité. Philo à Bruxelles a donc eu l’idée de se doter d’un site internet ou chacun pourra suivre ses conférences, en direct ou en différé, grâce à des abonnements adaptés à sa situation. Brussels experiences an oceanic climate (Köppen: Cfb) with warm summers and cool winters. The train rails in Brussels go underground, near the centre, through the North–South connection, with Brussels Central Station also being largely underground. 800 ans d’administration sous influence étrangère, pour finalement se retrouver à la tête de l’Europe. [170] The King Baudouin Stadium is also home of the annual Memorial Van Damme athletics event, Belgium's foremost track and field competition, which is part of the Diamond League. The Palace of the Nation is located on the opposite side of this park, and is the seat of the Belgian Federal Parliament. Spanish Netherlands 1556–1714 The Brussels Agglomeration was an administrative division established in 1971. The Brussels-Capital Region has three main train stations: Brussels-South, Brussels-Central and Brussels-North, which are also the busiest of the country. [141] The King Baudouin Stadium is a concert and competition facility with a 50,000 seat capacity, the largest in Belgium. Bruxelles compte un million d’habitants et plus de deux millions de personnes si l'on prend en compte ses banlieues.. Papiers nécessaires. Other Brussels clubs that played in the national series over the years were Ixelles SC, Crossing Club de Schaerbeek (born from a merger between RCS de Schaerbeek and Crossing Club Molenbeek), Scup Jette, RUS de Laeken, Racing Jet de Bruxelles, AS Auderghem, KV Wosjot Woluwe and FC Ganshoren. The Brussels Stock Exchange, abbreviated to BSE, now called Euronext Brussels, is part of the European stock exchange Euronext N.V., along with Paris Bourse, Lisbon Stock Exchange and Amsterdam Stock Exchange. BHV was divided mid-2012. Mais pourquoi limiter le piquenique à l’été ? In the 15th century, the marriage between heiress Margaret III of Flanders and Philip the Bold, Duke of Burgundy, produced a new Duke of Brabant of the House of Valois (namely Antoine, their son). Brussels , officially the Brussels-Capital Region (French: Région de Bruxelles-Capitale; Dutch: Brussels Hoofdstedelijk Gewest), is a region of Belgium comprising 19 municipalities, including the City of Brussels, which is the capital of Belgium. The Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences houses the world's largest hall completely dedicated to dinosaurs, with its collection of 30 fossilised Iguanodon skeletons. The concentration and density has caused concern that the presence of the institutions has created a ghetto effect in that part of the city. ", "Meir klopt voor het eerst Nieuwstraat als drukste winkelstraat", "The Galerie de la Reine | Galeries royales saint Hubert à Bruxelles", "Why stylish Dansaert district stands out in downtown Brussels", "Avenue Louise joins Belgium's most expensive shopping streets", "Portail officiel du sport en fédération Wallonie-Bruxelles", "Stade Roi Baudouin – Koning Boudewijnstadion", "Alessandro Del Piero 'turned down Liverpool move due to Heysel, "EURES – Labour market information – Région De Bruxelles-Capitale / Brussels Hoofdstedelijk Gewest – European Commission", "Youth unemployment in Brussels falls under 30%", "Cvent's Top 25 Meeting Destinations in the Europe", "Nieuws uit Brussel en de beste cultuurtips", "Presentation of the Université libre de Bruxelles", "About the University: Culture and History", "KU Leuven organisational chart: KU Leuven, Campus Brussels", "Petite histoire du Conservatoire royal de Bruxelles", "Permanent Exhibition " Dinosaur Gallery", "Distance between Brussels, Belgium and Amsterdam, The Netherlands", "Brussels and Antwerp have worst traffic", "City of Atlanta, GA : List of Atlanta's 18 Sister Cities", "European Forum for Urban Security - Brussels |", "Twinning Cities: International Relations", Municipalities of the Brussels-Capital Region, Institutional seats of the European Union, Congratulations: 50 Years of the Eurovision Song Contest,, NUTS 1 statistical regions of the European Union, Regions of Europe with multiple official languages, Burial sites of the House of Nassau-Siegen, French-speaking countries and territories, Articles with dead external links from June 2016, Articles with dead external links from March 2016, Articles lacking reliable references from November 2015, Articles with Dutch-language sources (nl), Articles with dead external links from June 2020, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Pages using infobox settlement with possible demonym list, Articles containing Old Dutch-language text, Articles lacking reliable references from September 2020, Articles with incomplete citations from April 2018, Wikipedia articles needing factual verification from February 2018, Wikipedia articles needing factual verification from January 2019, Articles containing potentially dated statements from December 2013, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Wikipedia articles needing factual verification from April 2018, Articles containing potentially dated statements from April 2015, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2017, All articles with vague or ambiguous time, Vague or ambiguous time from September 2016, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2016, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. In the Brabantian dialect of Brussels (known as Brussels, and also sometimes called Marols), they are called Brusseleers or Brusseleirs. [47][better source needed] The official founding of Brussels is usually situated around 979, when Duke Charles of Lower Lotharingia transferred the relics of Saint Gudula from Moorsel (located in today's province of East Flanders) to Saint Gaugericus' chapel. [196], Brussels is home to a thriving pharmaceutical and health care industry which includes pioneering biotechnology research. In the 17th century, Brussels was a centre for the lace industry. Since the end of the Second World War, it has been a major centre for international politics and home to numerous international organisations, politicians, diplomats and civil servants. Brussels' inhabitants deal with either the French Community or the Flemish Community for matters such as culture and education, as well as a Common Community for competencies which do not belong exclusively to either Community, such as healthcare and social welfare. The Brussels Agglomeration had a separate legislative council, but the by-laws enacted by it did not have the status of a legislative act. [60] The highest point lies at a height of about 108 metres (354 feet), near the Place de l'Altitude Cent/Hoogte Honderdplein, in Forest. House prices have also increased in recent years, especially with the increase of young professionals settling down in Brussels, making it the most expensive city to live in Belgium. Brussels is also a capital of the comic strip;[2] some treasured Belgian characters are Tintin, Lucky Luke, The Smurfs, Spirou, Gaston, Marsupilami, Blake and Mortimer, Boule et Bill and Cubitus (see Belgian comics). Regions are one component of Belgium's institutions; the three communities being the other component. De nombreux commerces se sont organisés pour offrir un service de livraison ou de retrait. Découvrez nos hôtels, musées et attractions bruxelloises, la gastronomie Belge et des lieux pour vos séminaires et congrès. [59], Brussels, along with Luxembourg and Strasbourg, began to host European institutions in 1957, soon becoming the centre of activities, as the Commission and Council based their activities in what has become the European Quarter, in the east of the city. Buildings from that period are mostly found in the historic centre (called Îlot Sacré), Saint Géry/Sint-Goriks and Sainte-Catherine/Sint Katelijne neighbourhoods. Ou même pendant la nuit, pourquoi pas. [202] As of 2017[update], the metro network within the region has a total of 69 metro and premetro stations. Menu. It is now considered a landmark of Brussels. [120][e][121], In recent decades, owing to migration and the city's international role, Brussels is home to a growing number of foreign language speakers. Charles would construct the first permanent fortification in the city, doing so on that same island. Bruxelles La loi belge oblige Brussels Airlines à effectuer un contrôle de conformité entre le nom figurant sur votre carte d'embarquement et le nom figurant sur votre carte d'identité ou votre passeport. [69] Unlike most of the municipalities in Belgium, the ones located in the Brussels-Capital Region were not merged with others during mergers occurring in 1964, 1970, and 1975. Si vous empruntez souvent l'autoroute vers le nord du pays, peut-être vous êtes-vous déjà perdus, troublés par des noms de villes inconnus?  First French Empire 1804–1815 [166], Sport in Brussels is under the responsibility of the Communities. [91] However, the European presence has contributed significantly to the importance of Brussels as an international centre.[84]. Brussels is also home to Union Saint-Gilloise, the most successful Belgian club before World War II, with 11 titles[172] The club was founded in Saint-Gilles but is based in nearby Forest, and plays in the Second Division. [163], There are shopping centres outside the inner ring: Basilix, Woluwe Shopping Center, Westland Shopping Center, and Docks Bruxsel, which opened in October 2017. [125], Brussels has a large concentration of Muslims, mostly of Moroccan, Turkish, Syrian and Guinean ancestry. Brussels is home to a large number of immigrants. En savoir plus > _ Accès rapide! In the last decades of the 20th century, the Grand Prix Eddy Merckx was also held in Brussels. The French Community Commission has also another capacity: some legislative powers of the French Community have been devolved to the Walloon Region (for the French language area of Belgium) and to the French Community Commission (for the bilingual language area). By law, the cabinet must comprise two French-speaking and two Dutch-speaking ministers, one Dutch-speaking secretary of state and two French-speaking secretaries of state. [177], There are approximately 50,000 businesses in Brussels, of which around 2,200 are foreign. English is spoken as a second language by nearly a third of the population and many migrants and expatriates speak other languages as well. Le contenu et les images utilisés sur ce site sont protégés par le droit d'auteur. Brussels is third in the number of international conferences it hosts,[82] also becoming one of the largest convention centres in the world. The Major Town Houses of the Architect Victor Horta—Hôtel Tassel (1893), Hôtel Solvay (1894), Hôtel van Eetvelde (1895) and the Horta Museum (1901)—have been listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 2000. Contactez Bruxelles Fiscalité pour savoir si vous avez droit à une réduction. The Grand Place was destroyed, along with 4,000 buildings—a third of all the buildings in the city. This is clear from the large number of historical churches in the region, particularly in the City of Brussels. Moreover, the connection of the Willebroek Canal with the Brussels–Charleroi Canal, in the very heart of the capital, creates a north–south link, by means of waterways, between the Netherlands, Flanders and the industrial zone of Hainaut (Wallonia). The acceptance of English as a language for communication with the city's public servants depends entirely on their knowledge of this language, though they must accept questions in French and Dutch.[123]. [25][26] As the economic capital of Belgium and one of the top financial centres of Western Europe with Euronext Brussels, it is classified as an Alpha global city. It remained with Austria until 1795, when the Southern Netherlands were captured and annexed by France, and the city became the capital of the department of the Dyle. Durée de validité : précision utile. [44], Duchy of Brabant 1183–1430 Heritage Days are organised on the third weekend of September (sometimes coinciding with the car-free day) and are a good opportunity to discover the wealth of buildings, institutions and real estate in Brussels. For the many rather recent immigrants from other countries, the identification also includes all the national origins: people tend to call themselves Moroccans or Turks rather than an American-style hyphenated version. Furthermore, the Center for Fine Arts (often referred to as BOZAR in French or PSK in Dutch), a multi-purpose centre for theatre, cinema, music, literature and art exhibitions, is home to the National Orchestra of Belgium and to the annual Queen Elisabeth Competition for classical singers and instrumentalists, one of the most challenging and prestigious competitions of the kind. Notable specialities include Brussels waffles (gaufres) and mussels (usually as moules-frites, served with fries). Habsburg Netherlands 1482–1556 In 1835, the first passenger railway built outside England linked the municipality of Molenbeek with Mechelen.[52][53]. ... des suggestions, ou de la place chez vous à partager, écrivez-nous! Bruxelles [bʁysɛl] (en néerlandais : Brussel [ˈbrʏsəl] ; en allemand : Brüssel [ˈbʁʏsl̩] ), parfois aussi appelé aire urbaine de Bruxelles ou Grand Bruxelles , est une ville et une agglomération de Belgique qui s'étend au-delà des limites administratives de la Région de Bruxelles-Capitale pour englober des parties du Brabant wallon et l'arrondissement de Hal-Vilvorde, et au centre de laquelle se trouve la commune de Bruxelles proprement dite, dont le nom utilisé par la constitution belge est ville de Bruxelles . Besoin d’aide pour votre ménage, votre repassage, vos courses ou le transport de personnes à mobilité réduite ? Bruxelles, 19 communes. 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[16][17][18] It is also part of a large conurbation extending towards Ghent, Antwerp, Leuven and Walloon Brabant, home to over 5 million people. Among other things, the Colonial Palace (today's Royal Museum for Central Africa), in the suburb of Tervuren, was connected to the capital by the construction of an 11-km long grand alley. Since 1949, a number of NATO Summits have been held in Brussels,[93] the most recent taking place in May 2017. Quoi de mieux que d’explorer les quartiers de Bruxelles pour découvrir les différentes facettes de la capitale et vivre des expériences à taille humaine. One of the only remains of the second walls is the Halle Gate. Important ! The metro is an important means of transport, connecting with six railway stations of the National Railway Company of Belgium (NMBS/SNCB), and many tram and bus stops operated by STIB/MIVB, and with Flemish De Lijn and Walloon TEC bus stops.